Knee Replacement Surgery Procedures in Singapore

Do you have problem in carrying out normal routine tasks? Are you planning to go for knee replacement surgery and in a fix whether to go for it or not? Here is the answer, the article will help you in making up your mind. Knee replacement surgery is not an easy decision for a person. It involves finances as well as intense pain. However, one-time pain of the surgery is better to have painless life ahead.

Currently, there are two types of knee replacement surgery procedures being operated in Singapore, both depend upon the kind of lifestyle one have has and would like to keep in future. More information can be found at Providence’s knee surgery page here.

Total Knee Replacement

This process involves the replacement of the complete knee joint, also the ligament of the knee. This type is considered to be most effective and people undergoing are expected to have long life ahead. The success rate of this type is also pretty high and patient after surgery also feel less to no pain in their knees. When patients are asked, they feel better after surgery, however have to undergo longer time for recovery and coming back to routine life. However, many say they never feel having natural knee since touch of artificial knee remains there.

Partial Knee Replacement

As the name indicates, the partial knee replacement only replaces some portion or part of the knee which is mainly damaged and causing pain. It is similar to a dentist when he cares for the aching tooth by repairing only a part or patch. Doctors tend to reserve the patients who wish to go for partial knee replacement procedures without going for maximum damage to the knee. During the procedure, surgeons only require incision in some portion which is damaged and avoid doing major surgery to the entire knee. There are some benefits of undergoing partial knee replacement, which are:

The recovery time is less, which means faster recovery. It causes less pain. The level of complication after surgery is less in case of partial knee replacement when compared with complete knee replacement.

Patients who undergo partial knee replacement feel their knees in normal position even after replacement. It is due to the ligaments, both at posterior and anterior positions which provides support and stabilize the knee in their position. The only disadvantage with partial knee replacement is that it may not last for long, whereas durability of knee replacement is more in case of total knee replacement. Knee continue to regenerate in case of partial, thus it can cause pain again in the knee after some time of the surgery.

Whether to go for total knee replacement or partial knee replacement, surgeon decides depending upon the situation of the knee, its condition, and how much pain one can bear. Also it is also dependent upon the condition of the knee whether patient can prolong it with partial knee replacement or is needing complete replacement. So, to adopt either one of these, it is better to consult orthopedic surgeon.

Treatment Options for Knee Osteoarthritis

The degenerative nature of arthritis means that the earlier you seek treatment, the better. As soon as you start noticing the symptoms of osteoarthritis, such as pain in the knees, swelling, or difficulty moving, it would be best if you saw a doctor for a diagnosis. Once the doctor establishes that you have osteoarthritis of the knees, you need to start treatment. Proposed remedies may include physical therapy, anti-inflammation and pain medication, posture training, and lifestyle changes. Read more about arthritis knee treatments here:

In the following article, Garrett Hyman, MD, MPH, discusses the various treatments of the osteoarthritis of the knee, and how the severity of the condition influences the therapy to use.

Steps Followed in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis  

The earlier knee arthritis is treated, the more likely knee pain can be relieved and the less likely it will get worse. Knee arthritis treatment may include nonsurgical treatments, injections, and surgery. Typically, nonsurgical treatments are tried first. Surgery is not usually necessary and recommended only when other treatments have been tried and have not adequately relieved symptoms. Read more here

Once knee osteoarthritis is confirmed, doctors always recommend non-invasive treatments first. If the initial treatments don’t work, and surgery is the last resort. You may need to use multiple therapies for the best outcome. A change in lifestyle to manage your weight, medication and physical therapy are always utilized concurrently. If weight loss and physical therapy don’t alleviate the symptoms, therapeutic injections may become necessary.

In the following article, Jonathan Cluett, MD, discusses knee osteoarthritis treatment, including surgery.

Types of Surgery for Knee Osteoarthritis

Arthritis of the knee joint is one of the most common causes of knee pain. There are different types of arthritis that can affect the knee joint, and the treatment may vary depending on the specific condition that is causing the symptoms.

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of knee arthritis.1 It is characterized by progressive wearing away of the cartilage in the joint. As the protective cartilage is worn away, bone is exposed, the knee becomes swollen, and activities become increasingly painful. Read more here

Surgery is usually the last resort when it comes to the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Even though doctors try to avoid invasive procedures, surgery is sometimes the only option left. Some operations, such as the knee arthroscopy and knee osteotomy, are minimally invasive. Knee replacement is a major and one of the most common orthopedic surgeries. During the knee replacement surgery, the damaged cartilage is removed, and an implant is inserted.

In the following Wikipedia article, osteoarthritis is looked at in detail, including the importance of education and lifestyle changes in the management of osteoarthritis.

How Your Lifestyle Impacts Your Recovery of Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Usually the symptoms progress slowly over years. Initially they may only occur after exercise, but can become constant over time. Other symptoms may include joint swelling, decreased range of motion, and, when the back is affected, weakness or numbness of the arms and legs. Read more here

Your lifestyle may have contributed to the wear and tear of your knees. Your involvement in strenuous physical activity, inactivity, or poor eating habits may quickly result in the systemic loss of cartilage in the knee joint. You should pay attention to your weight, and the rate at which you are piling on the pounds. If you are worried about your weight, you should be even more concerned if you start feeling the strain on your knees. If you are taking medication to help relieve the symptoms of arthritis, changing your lifestyle will help to reduce your drug usage.

Factors You Must Consider When Choosing a Mattress in Singapore

Choosing a mattress in Singapore is by no means an easy task. One wrong move and you will have to endure using an uncomfortable mattress for the next few years. If you don’t want that to happen, then you must consider important factors like its size, height, the material it is made from, and so on before making a final decision. 

Never should you buy a mattress just because a friend or family member bought it or said it’s great. The obvious reason for this is that we have different comfort needs. This means that, a mattress that is comfortable for some may be uncomfortable for others. That’s why you have to try out a mattress before making a purchase. 

In this article, we are going to be taking a close look at some key things you should pay keen attention to when buying the best mattress in Singapore

This article by Europeanbedding sheds light on some factors you should consider when buying a mattress in Singapore. 


Getting the proper sleep you need, with the right mattress, can help boost your mood, energy & concentration. That being the case, you’ll need to make sure you select the best mattress for yourselfRead more here

You are definitely now abreast with some ten important factors you should carefully consider before buying a new mattress. You also now know that comfort is the single most important factor you should give preference to regardless of the mattress you are opting for. Read the next article carefully if you are looking to purchase a pocket spring mattress. 

The following article by Marchh unveils some of the best pocket spring mattress brands in Singapore. 

19 Best Pocket Spring Mattress Brands in Singapore

Sleep takes up about one-third of our lives. Getting a good night’s sleep is very important and goes a really long way in ensuring that our mind and body stay healthy and in optimal conditionRead more here. 

You surely now have a clear picture of what some of the best pocket spring mattress brands in Singapore like Seahorse, kIng Koil, Noa, HipVan, Castlery, Spring Air, Therapedic, and Simmons, just to mention a few have to offer. The reason why these brands are rated so highly is that, they offer premium quality mattresses that can cater to the needs of a lot of Singaporeans. As you likely know, spring mattress isn’t for everyone. So, if you are looking for a top notch regular mattress, you are going to find the next article helpful. 

The following article by Meg Riley is a comprehensive guide in choosing a high-quality mattress that will not only satisfy your sleeping needs but serve you for a long time. 

Best Mattress of 2019: Reviews & Buyer’s Guide

If you’re shopping for a new bed, learning about the best mattresses of 2019 is an excellent way to make sure you choose a good one. It’s also helpful to know which ones don’t fare so well to avoid the dudsRead more here.

The above article has armed you with the intricate information you need to narrow down top-notch mattresses in Singapore. Even more, it has brought to light some ten mattresses like- promotional mattresses, hot memory foam, thin mattresses, and overly soft or firm mattresses. 

Final note

The odds of you picking the right mattress for your specific needs, without first doing deep and extensive research and trying them out in person is very slim. 

Without guidance, chances are you are going to buy the wrong mattress. The obvious reason for this is that you know very little or nothing about the materials mattresses are made of, terminologies used, and the sales tactics adopted by marketers. 

Of course, there are a lot of things that can help you in this regard, but the most important one is considering your sleeping needs. 

Arthritis of the Knees – Rheumatoid and Osteoarthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis affect different joints of the body, including the knees. When coming up with a diagnosis, doctors look at the characteristics of the symptoms to determine if the patient has rheumatoid or osteoarthritis. The doctor will want to know your age when you first noticed the signs, how fast the symptoms develop, the notable changes on the joint, how long the morning stiffness lasts, and other systemic symptoms on the rest of the body. Knee arthritis treatments are available and should be used where needed.

In the following article, the writer explores the different types of arthritis, with emphasis on rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

Comparing Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease, but it is particularly common in the knee.

Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, but there are more than 100 different forms. While arthritis is mainly an adult disease, some forms affect children. Read more here

The differences between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are so distinct, that it is quite easy to tell them apart. For example, rheumatoid arthritis can manifest itself at any time, while osteoarthritis begins later in life. If you have rheumatoid arthritis, the degeneration of your joint is rapid, so you’ll notice symptoms evolve pretty fast, while osteoarthritis develops slowly. If the morning joint stiffness lasts for a short while in the morning, usually less than an hour, and returns later in the evening, you most likely have osteoarthritis.

In the following article, the writer discusses osteoarthritis, its impact on the knees, and the treatment.

The Impact of Osteoarthritis on Your Knees

Osteoarthritis (os-tee-o-arth-ri-tus) is the most common form of arthritis, and the knee is one of the most commonly affected joints. Everyone’s joints go through a normal cycle of damage and repair during their lifetime, but sometimes the body’s process to repair our joints can cause changes in their shape or structure. When these changes happen in one or more of your joints, it’s known as osteoarthritis. Read more here

The knee has the largest, and possibly the most important joint in the body. It facilitates your movements, and ease with which you can sit and stand. Osteoarthritis can affect one or both knees. Pain in the knee is one of the symptoms, and it is usually excruciating at the end of the day, or when you move your knee. You may also struggle to take the first steps in the morning due to the stiffness around your knee. This, however, doesn’t last longer than an hour. You will also discover that you cannot comfortably move as fast as you once did, or adequately stretch your legs.

In the following article, the writer discusses the treatment options for knee arthritis.

The Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knees

When it comes to treating osteoarthritis (OA) in your knees and hips, you may have more options than you realize. In March 2014, the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI), a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting osteoarthritis research and treatment, updated its recommendations for the treatment of osteoarthritis targeted to different patient characteristics. A group of 13 experts from around the world reviewed the latest research on OA treatments as the framework for the revised guidelines. OARSI published its first guidelines in 2008. Read more here

To effectively manage arthritis, you need to combine drug treatments with alternative treatments to help improve the effectiveness of the drugs. Exercising, weight management, acupuncture, balneotherapy, and the use of canes and crutches will help to reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Depending on the severity, your doctor may recommend various medications, including anti-inflammation drugs and topical creams. In some cases, especially in older patients, joint replacement may become necessary.


Best Places to Buy a Top-notch Mattress in Singapore

If you have made the big decision to change your old and saggy mattress that offers very little or no comfort with a new one, the next thing that is likely going to be on your mind is finding a good mattress store where you can make a purchase. As you know, Singapore is home to a lot of mattress stores. While some are great and offer a wide range of mattresses, others offer low-quality mattresses that may fall apart after a while. 

If you are looking for a great place to buy a mattress in Singapore, you are going to benefits from this article, as it unveils some popular stores that specialize in mattresses and other related accessories in Singapore. 

Of course, you have the freedom to take the alternate route and buy your mattress online. But, before taking this path, you need to bear in mind that buying things online is somewhat risky. For example, the mattress that you picked may not be great as it looked on your computer screen, as it may not suit your sleeping needs and preferences. If you don’t want this to happen, then you should buy your mattress at a store, not online. 

This article by Furnituresingapore unveils some of the best stores to buy a mattress in Singapore. 

 Mattresses in Singapore – Where to Buy?

So you’re looking to purchase a new mattress for your home? Well, then you’ve come to the right place! In this guide, you’ll find all the information to help you make the right decision, to get the best mattress for your needs and budget. Read more here

The above article has certainly brought to light some of the leading mattress stores in Singapore like- Tilam King, Serta, Dunlopillo, Courts, and Harvey Norman. One striking thing about these stores is that they offer a different type of mattress that you may not see in a general furniture outlet. Are you a side sleeper? Are you looking for a mattress that can address your sleeping needs? If yes, you are going to find the next article helpful. 

The following article by Lulu Chang sheds light on some of the best mattresses for side sleepers. 

The best mattresses for side sleepers

Finding the perfect mattress is tough for side sleepers, so we’ve done the research and some testing to bring you the best of the best. The fully customizable Helix mattress is our top pick because you can actually design it to suit your specific needs. Read more here.

If you have read the above article, you will likely know why most mattresses on the market aren’t suitable for side sleepers. You also know some of the best mattresses in Singapore for side sleepers. Do you know that most mattresses in Singapore are too hard and too short? If you are an expatriate or Singaporean, and this bothers you, then you should read the next article carefully. 

The following article by Kel Flanders sheds light on some key things you should do if the mattress you come across while shopping is too hard or too short. 

Mattresses: Too hard or too short? It does matter!

Is your mattress uncomfortable or just old? Having a good comfortable one is so important, but buying a bed in Singapore might be a little more tricky than in your home country. Typically, mattresses in Asia are a lot firmer, and the QueenRead more here.

You now know why most King, Queen, and other bed sizes in Singapore are usually firm and short. You also now know some top-notch stores like European Bedding, Willow Mattresses, and Danish Design Co, which can customize the firmness of a mattress to suit your unique needs. 

Final note 

Buying a mattress online is not really a good idea, especially if you have a unique sleeping need, as there may be no way for you to test it before making a purchase. 

The best course of action, therefore, is to buy from a reputable store that offers a wide range of mattresses and other accessories you may need. 

Presently, there are a lot of mattress stores in Singapore. Since all of them aren’t the same, it is wise that you do deep and extensive research before visiting any of them. It is also a good idea to consider factors like your weight, health condition, warranty period, and so on. 

A Definitive Guide to Choosing the Best Mattress in Singapore

Do you know that the mattress you sleep on can affect your sleep quality? What this means is that if you sleep on a comfortable mattress, you will wake up relaxed, refreshed, and ready to take on your day. On the other hand, if you sleep on an old, saggy, and worn-out mattress, chances are, you are going to wake up feeling untested, sore, or with body pains. No one wants that. And that is why every day, thousands of Singaporeans replace their old mattress with a new one that offers superior comfort. Want to join them? If yes, you are going to benefit from this article, as it contains the information you need to narrow down the best mattress that will suit your sleeping needs. 

The following article by Womensweekly sheds light on some effective tips that can help you choose a good mattress. 

How to Choose the Best Mattress to Suit Your Sleeping Needs and Beat Body Aches

Looking for a good night’s sleep? Whether you’re plagued by insomnia or if you wake up with body aches all the time, the issue could be with your mattress. It’s recommended to change your mattress every eight to ten years. Read more here.

You surely now have a clear picture of some eleven tips that can help you choose the right mattress. If you have difficulty choosing between the top notch mattresses on the market, then you should read the next article, as it unveils some of the leading mattress brands in Singapore. The good thing about these brands is that they offer premium quality that a lot of Singaporeans love. 

The following article by theweddingvowsg unveils some eight popular mattress brands in Singapore. 

 8 Popular Mattress Brands in Singapore

You are probably aware that buying the right mattress is key to a good night’s sleep. Our earlier issue covered the online mattress stores with free trials that allow you to test out the mattress in the comfort of your home – up to 100 days! We all know the bigRead more here.

As you can now tell, the eight mattress brands discussed in the above article has a lot to offer. One thing these mattresses have in common is the out-of-this-world comfort they offer. So, if you want to have a restful slumber each night, then you should consider buying any of them. 

The following article by harwarezone shed light on the answers to some questions about mattresses that may likely have crossed your mind. 

Mattress – which brand/types? Part 2

At those prices, we can get latex already. Can get latex, why take memory foam that releases plenty of VOC and trap heat? Between the two Kingcoil, one is a cotton layer plus 1.5 in latex top, the other is a latex top. I will take the pure latex top. Read more here.

Your curiosity has definitely been satisfied as you now know the answers to some puzzling questions about mattresses like – the differences between latex and memory foam, some key things you should keep in mind before making a purchase, and some top notch mattress brands. 

Final note 

To choose a sturdy mattress that will stand the test of time, you are going to need all the help you can get. Considering factors like the material a mattress is made of, its size and thickness, your bed base, and a few other things can also help. 

Never should you choose a mattress that doesn’t have a warranty, regardless of how cheap, comfortable, and sturdy. If the producer of the mattress can’t stand behind their product with a warranty, chances are, it is of low quality and may fall apart after a few months or years of usage. 

To ensure that you don’t make the wrong decision, only buy in shops that allow you to test the mattress for a given period. At the end of the period, if you aren’t satisfied, the core of the mattress will be changed. 


On average, there are 110 members elected to the RBA, all of whom are entitled to exhibit in the Annual Exhibition which is held in the Mall Galleries in London. The membership procedure is competitive; candidates will normally be expected to have previously exhibited several times with the Society. The election of new members takes place at the AGM, which is usually held during the exhibition. The RBA welcomes submissions of work from young artists for possible inclusion in the Annual Exhibition.


Founded in 1823 by a group of artists who wished to break away from the convention of the Royal Academy, the society still has a forward-looking attitude and uncompromisingly high standards.

With the awarding of the annual British School at Rome Scholarship for drawing, plus the now established Debate, the RBA is active and influential in art education at all levels. This includes junior schools, assisting and maintaining links with schools applying for specialist college status in the visual arts, colleges, and universities.

The importance of creativity in all aspects of the curriculum, at all levels of study is of vital significance for not only does it lead to better results, it is a basic instinct of every child, irrespective of race or religion, and if nurtured will lead to greater tolerance, understanding and respect for each others ideas and cultural background. It is also vital to the economy of this country.


In the past two years, the Society, in partnership with Astor College for the Arts has mounted a national exhibition of students work alongside the RBA Annual Exhibition.


The RBA in association with the Robert Bowman Trust has supported the National Children’s Sculpture Competition. The RBA President Cav. Romeo Di Girolamo was one of the three judges of last years competition and arranged for all the work of the finalists to be exhibited alongside RBA members work at the Annual Exhibition.


A sculpture court created at the Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham by Megan di Girolamo and students of the RBA affiliated sculpture course at Aylesbury College, to celebrate the spirit and joy of youth.

RBA History

The Royal Society of British Artists was established in 1823 by a small group of artists who wished to break away from the Royal Academy. One of their main concerns was to establish an alternative exhibition venue to the academy and these efforts were rewarded when enough money was raised to commission John Nash to design and build the Society’s first gallery in Suffolk Street.

Further confirmation of the important position that the society held in 19th Century Britain was the granting of the Royal Charter by Queen Victoria in August 1887.

Since its foundation, the society has had some 36 Presidents, including distinguished names such as James McNeilI Whistler, Walter Sickert and more recently Peter Greenham RA. The society’s current president is Cav. Romeo Di Girolamo. For a list of past Presidents

The society has developed a strong commitment to issues of education and in September 1995 supported the foundation of a new Fine Art course which is based around figurative art, run by Northbrook College in Worthing. The unique course which culminates in the awarding of a BA. (Hons) in Fine Art, is enriched by visiting RBA members.